我們在開發網頁應用程式,時常需要去解析網址(Request.Url)的每個片段,進行一些判斷。例如說 "http://localhost:1897/News/Press/Content.aspx/123?id=1#toc",我們想要取得網址裡第一層目錄的名字(News)用以判斷不同的頁面標題(Page Title)。


我看很多人都用字串的 IndexOf 方法與 Substring 方法:



Request.Url.PathAndQuery.Substring(1, Request.Url.PathAndQuery.IndexOf("/", 1)-1)



這實在太埋沒 .NET 的強大設計了,事實上在 Request 物件就已經提供很多方便的屬性(Property)可供取得網址的片段。


底下這張表就是各種跟 Browser Request 的網址相關的屬性與用法:




































































網址:http://localhost:1897/News/Press/Content.aspx/123?id=1#toc
Request.ApplicationPath /
Request.PhysicalPath D:\Projects\Solution\web\News\Press\Content.aspx
System.IO.Path.GetDirectoryName(Request.PhysicalPath) D:\Projects\Solution\web\News\Press
Request.PhysicalApplicationPath D:\Projects\Solution\web\
System.IO.Path.GetFileName(Request.PhysicalPath) Content.aspx
Request.CurrentExecutionFilePath /News/Press/Content.aspx
Request.FilePath /News/Press/Content.aspx
Request.Path /News/Press/Content.aspx/123
Request.RawUrl /News/Press/Content.aspx/123?id=1
Request.Url.AbsolutePath /News/Press/Content.aspx/123
Request.Url.AbsoluteUri http://localhost:1897/News/Press/Content.aspx/123?id=1
Request.Url.Scheme http
Request.Url.Host localhost
Request.Url.Port 1897
Request.Url.Authority localhost:1897
Request.Url.LocalPath /News/Press/Content.aspx/123
Request.PathInfo /123
Request.Url.PathAndQuery /News/Press/Content.aspx/123?id=1
Request.Url.Query ?id=1
Request.Url.Fragment  
Request.Url.Segments /
News/
Press/
Content.aspx/
123

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